Periodontal Therapy in Oakville
Periodontal (gum) disease is caused by a serious infection that can spread around the root of the teeth causing bone reduction and, if left untreated, tooth loss. A skilled periodontist will evaluate your condition and depending on its severity, recommend either non-surgical periodontal treatment or gum surgery.
Gum disease goes through several stages. As the disease progresses in severity, the periodontal treatment options become more complex, costly, and time-intensive. It is important that at the first signs of gum disease symptoms you seek an experienced and professional periodontist.
The earliest and mildest form of periodontal disease is gingivitis. Gingivitis is characterized by swelling of the gums. Often, the gums will bleed during normal brushing and flossing. Gingivitis is reversible with professional periodontal treatment and consistent oral care at home.
There are several stages of the advanced form of gum disease known as periodontitis:
More people lose their teeth due to periodontal disease than for any other reason. Gums infected with periodontal disease are toxic reservoirs of disease-causing bacteria. These toxins breed and gradually destroy the very jaw bone that supports your teeth. Bleeding gums can create an opening that allows these bacteria to enter your bloodstream and advance to your heart and other organs. There is mounting evidence that connects periodontal disease to heart infection and stroke.
- Aggressive periodontitis is a form of gum disease found in patients who have otherwise good overall oral health. Common symptoms of aggressive periodontitis include a rapid increase in the size of gum pockets adjacent to the tooth, which lead to bone degradation.
- Chronic periodontitis is a form of gum disease that requires immediate periodontal treatment. This form of periodontitis causes inflammation within the supporting tissue of the teeth leading to progressive plaque attachment and rapid bone loss. Chronic periodontitis is the most common form of gum disease and although it is prevalent in adults, it can be take hold at any age. If left untreated, this form of gum disease will require gum surgery.
- Periodontitis of a systemic disease is a form of gum disease that often occurs at a young age and is associated with a preexisting disorder, such as diabetes.
- Necrotizing periodontal disease is one of the most dangerous forms of gum disease. This is characterized by necrosis (death of the supporting tissue) of gingival tissues, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. This is a very aggressive form of gum disease and often leaves gum surgery as your periodontistís only treatment option.
What is the treatment?
If you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, our hygienist will recommend a period of Active Therapy - a customized approach designed to arrest this disease that removed hard to reach tartar and allows gum tissue to heal.
Details including treatment benefits and fees will be explained in consultation. Working with your consent and values, we decide together how best to treat and manage this disease. Whether you wish to retain your own natural teeth, or elect to have your teeth replaced with prosthetics as you age, adequate quality jaw bone is still a requirement. The best course of action is to preserve your natural tissue. Our family dentists at Trafalgar Village Dental in Oakville are here to help you.